WIRELESS ROUTERS EXPLAINED

Having wireless networking capability in your home has a lot of advantages. These days, there are so many options and reasons why one should get the available high-speed wireless access at home, as more and manufacturers are getting into the game. The source of your home wireless network is the wireless router. As mentioned before, many routers exist on the market, picking one out may be tricky, but that being said, picking one based on how expensive it is, may not be the best action. As this article progresses, I will give a few features one needs to look out for, when deciding on a wireless router for the home. Now, before I continue, it is important for us to have a basic understanding of networking tech as well as the different speed capabilities they possess.

CABLED / WIRED NETWORKS STANDARDS AND SPEEDS

When it comes to wired connections, the main speeds are 10Mb (Mb stands for Megabits), 100Mb and 1Gb, which is 1 Gigabit and is equal to 1000 Megabits. So, to explain, the speed is calculated in Megabits per second, so respectively, the maximum speed is 10, 100 & 1000 megabits per second. If one intends to reach the connection speed one desires, then both devices need to have a matching network port in order to allow connectivity through a suitable network cable. Keep in mind that the only network cables capable of 1Gb connections are the CAT5e network cables. Majority of the modern network enabled devices to possess network ports that can automatically detect the connection speed of the equivalent network port.

TYPES OF WIRELESS ROUTERS

In essence, two major types of routers exist, those with inbuilt modems and those without inbuilt modems. The ones without built-in modems require connection to an existing broadband modem in order to allow Internet connectivity. Based on the type of connection they handle, these router groups are divided into two, namely, ADSL and Cable (UK). A router type needs to be matched to an equivalent connection type. When considering getting a router with an inbuilt modem, it is essential to visit your Internet Service Provider to get advice on the compatibility.

ROUTER CAPABILITIES

Majority of the available routers possess an interface that enables the user manage the features as well as the router functionality. The layout and features may vary, but then there are some features that are basically compulsory when deciding on a home wireless router.

 

ENCRYPTION AND SECURITY

ASecurity should be a very high priority when picking out a router. A few standards exist for use in securing wireless connections, but note that nothing less than WPA2 should be utilized for prevention of unauthorized access to a wireless network or home Internet connection. WEP was used before but is no longer strong enough to do the job effectively.

MAC ADDRESS FILTERING

Each network capable device is given a MAC address upon its manufacture. Every network card or wireless network device possesses its own globally unique MAC Address respectively. Some wireless routers allow the address to be put in the routers allow list. After being enabled, those devices not added to the router allow list will not be able to connect to the network wirelessly.

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FIREWALL

Firewalls are necessary and a lot of good home wireless routers have built-in firewalls for added security against unauthorized access to the internet.

PORT FORWARDING, GAMING AND APPLICATION ACCESS

There are applications or games on a computer that may require some ports in order to gain an Internet connection.  This feature allows the necessary ports to be forwarded to the necessary location on the network. If you intend to set up this feature, check for steps in the manufacturer's instructions.

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OTHER FEATURES

Certain situations may require the availability of certain features. For example, if you work from home, you may require VPN access to your workplace which would mean that you need a router which is compatible with your employer's network and its requirements.

If you will need access to devices when you're not at home, you may also want to consider this. Port forwarding may be necessary and some routers allow you set up a dynamic DNS account info which allows easy access through the use of an Internet Web browser.


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CAPABILITIES

The access times of a lot of routers can be set in order to allow devices connected to the Internet at specific times during the day. For parents who may wish to limit Internet access times for their children, this is worth considering. Security and performance are two important factors to consider when buying a wireless router. Always get the router with the highest security and fastest wireless access available to suit your budget.

As soon as the router is set up, one is allowed to connect various devices to the home network to allow access to media files as well as the Internet, from basically anywhere around the home.